Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that causes people to suffer from repeated mild to severe seizures due to electrical disturbances in the brain. While there is no cure for epilepsy, the condition can be managed with medication or, in some cases, surgery. Those with uncontrolled seizures should not operate a motorized vehicle.
The doctors at the Neurology Center in Houston, TX, can help those suffering from epilepsy effectively manage their condition in order to lead a full and meaningful life.
Common Causes of Epilepsy
Seizures can affect people at any age, but seizures mainly begin between ages 5 and 20. Epilepsy is usually caused by a medical condition or brain injury, such as:
- Brain Tumor
- Traumatic Brain Injury
- Some Medications
Symptoms of Epilepsy
Some people show signs of an oncoming seizure called an aura. These symptoms can include a tingling sensation, emotional changes, or smelling an odor that isn’t present. Depending on the area of the brain affected, symptoms vary but may include:
- Violent Shaking
- Staring into Space
- Loss of Consciousness
- Muscle Twitches or Stiffening
Some seizures last anywhere from several seconds to several minutes. Sometimes, the person remains conscious throughout the seizure, and other times, the person is unconscious during a seizure. It all depends on the person and the part of the brain affected.
To diagnose and treat epilepsy, your physician will conduct a physical exam and perform an electroencephalogram (EEG) to test for any abnormal electrical activity. Your neurologist may also conduct a variety of other tests to determine the cause and location of the problem, such as a CT scan.
Once you’ve been diagnosed with epilepsy, your doctor can recommend any of the following treatments:
- Anti-Seizure Medications
Our neurologists will work with you to find the best long-term treatment to prevent future seizures and ensure a healthy, productive way of life.